Health and Safety 4-6 Years


Healthy Eating

  •  Eat breakfast.
  • Buy fat-free milk and low-fat dairy foods and encourage 3 servings each day
  • Limit candy, soft drinks, and high-fat foods.
  • Offer 5 servings of vegetables and fruits at meals and for snacks every day.

Healthy Teeth

  • Your child should visit the dentist at least twice a year.
  • Help your child brush their teeth twice a day.
  • Help your child floss teeth once a day.


  •  Limit TV time to 2 hours a day.
  • Do not have a TV in your child’s bedroom
  • Make sure your child is active for 1 hour or more daily.

Ready for School

  • Visit your child’s school and meet the teacher before the first day.
  • Talk to your child about school every day. About things he/she liked, any worries, and if anyone is being mean to him/her.

Stranger Safety

  • Continue to reinforce Stranger Safety rules.
  • Tell your child that he/she should walk away and find an adult she knows if approached by anyone who:

- Asks him/her for help.

- Shows him/her a picture of a pet

- Asks to take his/her picture.

- Tells him/her there is a family emergency.

- Calls him/her by name even though he/she doesn’t know him.

Other Ways to Keep your Child Healthy and Safe

  • Teach your child to swim
  • Watch your child around water.
  • Use sunscreen when outside
  • Provide a good-fitting helmet and safety gear for biking, skating, in-line skating, skiing, snowboarding, scooter and horseback riding.
  •  Have a working smoke alarm on each floor of your house and a fire escape plan.
  •  Install a carbon monoxide detector in a hallway near every sleeping area.
  • Ask if there are guns in homes where your child plays.  If so, make sure they are stored safely.
  • Teach your child how to cross the street safely.  Children are not ready to cross the street alone until age 10 or older.
  • Teach your child about bus safety.

Many of these suggestions come from the American Academy of Pediatrics 
Bright Futures Recommendations.

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